FCC certification is a regulatory process implemented by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in the United States. Its purpose is to ensure that electronic or mechanical devices meet specific standards and regulations related to their electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) and wireless communication capabilities.
When a manufacturer intends to sell a device in the United States that uses radio frequency (RF) technology, such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, cellular connectivity, or other wireless communication protocols, they are required to obtain FCC certification.
The FCC certification process involves testing and evaluation of the device’s electromagnetic emissions and susceptibility to interference. It also includes assessing the device’s compliance with specific technical standards set by the FCC. These standards vary depending on the type of device and its intended use.
Manufacturers are responsible for conducting or hiring accredited testing laboratories to perform the required tests. The test results, along with the device’s technical documentation, are then submitted to the FCC for review. If the device meets all the necessary requirements, the FCC grants certification, allowing the manufacturer to legally sell and market the device in the United States.
FCC certification ensures that electronic and mechanical devices entering the market do not cause harmful interference to other devices or communication networks. It helps maintain a reliable and efficient wireless communication environment, promotes fair competition, and protects consumers from potentially unsafe or poorly performing devices.
It’s important to note that FCC certification is specific to the United States. Other countries may have their own certification processes and regulatory bodies, such as CE marking in the European Union or IC certification in Canada, which serve similar purposes in ensuring compliance with local regulations and standards.
FCC certification exists to make sure that an electronic or mechanical device only produces safe levels of radiofrequency radiation. If a product is FCC certified, that means that it’s passed a testing process meant to gauge levels of RF output.
The CE marking (an acronym for the French “Conformite Europeenne”) certifies that a product has met EU health, safety, and environmental requirements, which ensure consumer safety.